Best Defense Mechanisms in the Animal Kingdom


Octopus – Besides having a beak with a venomous bite, the octopus can also camouflage itself by changing colors to match its background, and shoot a cloud of ink into the water to escape its enemies. This cephalopod releases a proteolytic enzyme in its saliva which can cause swelling and necrosis (death) of tissue.

 

Walking Stick – The walking sticks defensive strategy is quite simple. It does not move. However, when you blend into your back ground as well as it does, not moving may be the best defense.

 

Iguana – The iguana has several rows of razor-sharp serrated teeth and claws to fend off predators, but it also has a great escape plan. When the tail of an iguana is severed by a predator, it automatizes and wiggles on the ground for up to 4 hours to distract the predator and allow the lizard to retreat.

 

Opossum – Opossums can deliver a nasty bite when cornered and they are known carriers of rabies, however their best defense strategy is to play dead. When an opossum is stressed, the animal faints, it drools, and its body releases a foul stench from its anus. The limp body, the saliva, and the smell convince predators that their next meal

Basilisk – This small South American lizard has an unique escape tactic when it is being attacked by a predator. When any animal attacks the Basilisk, it springs from its hiding place and runs across water to get away from the threat. Its light weight and large feet give the Basilisk the necessary tools to tread on top of ponds for short distances.

 

Skunk – Everyone knows what the skunk’s defense mechanism is, right? They spray a really foul odor on predators and run away. This works really well at least partially because most members of the animal world generally have a superior sense of smell to humans. So, the pungent odor from the spray of skunk is unbearable to most predators. But, the spray that is produced from glands in the skunk’s anus can also cause blindness if it lands in the eyes of animals, and skunks aim for the eyes. They can spray that putrid liquid up to ten feet away and hit their target while aiming essentially with their butt.

 

Platypus – The platypus is already a strange animal. It has a duck bill, a beaver tail, and a furry body. It is the only mammal does not give live birth and lays eggs. But, it is also one of the few poisonous mammals. The platypus also has a poisonous spur behind his fin that can be used to kill predators that grab it.

 

Slow Loris – The Slow Loris is a small primate that lives in Southeastern Asia. It secretes poison from its elbows, but it licks that poison and puts it on the fur of its body and the fur of its babies. Any animal that attacks a Slow Loris will endure a lot of pain before its eminent death. But, because the Slow Loris orally distributes the poison across its body, it also has a poisonous bite. And, people have gone into anaphylactic shock because of the bite.

 

Fulmar Gulls – One would think that Fulmar gull chicks are at the mercy of any large bird that can get to its nest. Most baby birds are dependent on their mothers and incredibly vulnerable to hungry predators. But, any bird that attempts to eat a Fulmar is in for the surprise of a lifetime. These gulls projectile vomit an orange liquid at their attackers that sticks to their feathers. This vile substance is so thick that it sticks the attackers feathers together so that it can not fly. But, if the attacker happens to fall into the ocean, the same gut potion makes birds sink in water. Any bird that attacks a Fulmar gull faces being drowned by vomit.

 

This little ball of cuteness is a killer.


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